Classification. Anal fistula can be characterized as simple or complex. The definition of a complex fistula is not standardized but most authors agree that any fistula that is high transsphincteric or when a fistulotomy would result in incontinence should be considered complex.
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Post-traumatic pancreatitis can develop secondary to blunt or penetrating abdominal trauma, post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, or following pancreatic surgery. Clinical findings are often nonspecific, and imaging findings can be subtle on presentation. Early diagnosis of pancreatic duct injury is critical and informs management strategy; imaging plays important role in.
Objectives: A postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is defined as a threefold increase in the amylase concentration in abdominal drains on or after the third postoperative day (POD). However, additional lipase fluid analysis is widely used despite lacking evidence. In this study, drain amylase and lipase levels were compared regarding their value in detecting POPF.
Social mobility, movement of individuals, families, or groups through a system of social hierarchy or stratification. In revolution an entire class structure is altered, but social mobility may come about through slower, more subtle changes, such as the movement from a poor agrarian region to a richer urban one.
Communicates with the urogenital tract by a large fistula. Incidence: It varies in different parts of the world. Northern part of the Indian, Sporadic case China, Japan, Sweden, UK and USA Pouch colon is more common in males Etiology and Embryogenesis The exact embryogenesis is not known.
This paper considers definition and classification of pancreatic fistula, risk factors, and preventive approach and offers management strategy when they do occur. View Show abstract.
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